Shields protect units inside by absorbing the damage from attacks in exchange for charge. While shields can stop all but a select few weapons, any area of effect from the detonation will still pass through the shield, so don't expect any units near the edge of the shield area to be completely safe from harm. Shields are spherical and hollow.
When shields take damage, their charge is depleted. As the shield charge depletes the shield color will change from blue (full charge) through purple to red (no charge). They will continue to stop weapons until the amount of charge is lower than the damage done by the weapon. Large shields (both static and mobile) require energy to replenish their charge, and with sufficient energy will recharge at a steady rate. Their regeneration can be toggled off and obeys priority. Small (personal) shields recharge at no energy cost.
Shields automatically link up to share charge, so if a few shields are taking more damage, charge will flow from the undamaged shields to the damaged shields. There is no limit to how many shields can link together. However, because charge transfers at a finite rate, one shield in a large chain can still be made vulnerable with focused fire. For shields to share charge, they simply need to overlap. Transfer always happens from the shield with more absolute charge (not %) to the one with less.
Shields from any type of unit can link together.
As a shield takes damage it turns red. The shields it is linked to will help recharge it.
As a general rule every weapon is blocked by shields. When a projectile collides with a shield its damage is compared to the current shield power. If shield power is greater than weapon damage the projectile explodes. Continuous beam lasers that collide with shields drain the shield completely before the beam penetrates it, the beam stops at the shield if intercepted. As the damage exceeds the shield's power, the laser penetrates the shield and deal the remaining damage to the target.
- Shields lose power equal to weapon damage when blocking projectiles.
- The AOE damage of weapons is still dealt to units near the explosion, even those inside the shield.
- Badgers deal damage to shields equal to the total damage of all the missiles shot by the mines they lay.
- Status effects (EMP, Slow and Disarm) weapons damage shields for 1/3 their damage against units. Mixed damage (such as Cutter, Moderator, Knight, or Blitz) deals both the real damage and the 1/3 status effect damage.
- Gauss and flame weapons do 1.5x and 3x their listed damage to shields respectively.
- Melee weapons, disintegrators and the Dominatrix ignore shields.
The current system for linking is as follows. Every shield shares charge 15 times a second. The share-partner is selected randomly from all adjacent (bubbles touching) shields, including itself. The self-inclusion is intended to reduce the transfer rate when there are few shields. Large shields can only choose other large shields as a share-partner. In a charge share
ChargeDifference/100 is transferred from the high charge shield to the low charge shield. The distance between shields is irrelevant so long as they are touching.
Artillery units with high DPS/cost such as Sling can wear a shield down over time. As an added bonus the accuracy of the weapon does not matter because shields are very large, this makes Tremor particularly effective. Disarm bombers (Thunderbirds) are a good example there, as they deal such a staggering amount of disarm damage over large area they become a hard-counter for shield blobs.
AOE weapons in general have poor raw damage so are poor against shields unless you wish to use the AOE to hit something near the edge of the shield.
High burst weapons such as Lance can usually pierce a shield in one shot if the shield power is lowered somewhat first. Tacnuke is another good example, a shield on less than 95% power will let a tacnuke right through.
If your opponent has a shield extending beyond their defence you can move short ranged high DPS units (such as riots) in and attack ground to drain the shield. Make sure to stay out of the range of turrets that are probably within the shield.
Jumping units can jump right into the middle of an area shield and bypass it.
Personal shields are weak to the same things as Area Shield as well as a few more. In particular AOE works well against personal shield as the low shield radius will cause a lot of AOE weapons to damage the shield owner even if the projectile explodes on the shield. (In effect, AoE weapons can do damage twice: once to the shield and once to the unit.)
Shield linking means that shield units are typically cramped together. Crawling bombs are exceptionally good against shielded packs if they are planted as landmines.